Mefenamic acid as Environmentally Catalyst for Threecomponent Synthesis of Dihydropyrano [2,3-c]Chromene and Pyrano[2,3-d]Pyrimidine Derivatives

Document Type: Research Paper


Department of Chemistry, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran.


Pills of Mefenamic acid were  employed as effective catalysts in the three component reaction of aromatic  aldehydes,  malononitrile,  as  well  as  4-hydroxycoumarin  or  barbituric  acid  in  aqueous solution,  using  reflux  conditions  in  order  to  synthesize  derivatives  of  dihydropyrano[2,3-c]chromene and pyrano[2,3-d]pyrimidine, correspondingly. Among the benefits of this technique, higher efficiency, shorter reaction time, along with better reaction indices could be mentioned.