A Simple and an Effective Catalyst for Determination of Cefixime in Real Samples Using of Modified Carbon Paste Electrode with Cobalt Impregnated Zeolite

Document Type: Research Paper


Department of Chemistry, Qaemshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahr, Iran


Carbon paste electrode modified with cobalt impregnated zeolite was prepared by mixing of cobalt_zeolite (Co_Z) and graphite powder with different percent. The electrochemical oxidation of cefixime at such electrodes was investigated using the cyclic voltammetric and amperometric techniques. It is not electrochemically active towards cefixime oxidation in 0.1 M phosphate buffer solution (pH=7) on a carbon paste electrode modified with zeolite. The presence of cobalt ions in the zeolite matrix, by soaking the electrode in an aqueous Co(NO3)2 solution, markedly enhances the electrocatalytic activity which was found to depend on the cobalt content. However, the electrocatalytic activity depends on different percent of Co_Z. Under the selected conditions, the anodic peak current was linearly dependent on the concentration of cefixime in the range 0.003–8 mM with the cyclic voltammetric method. The detection limit (S/N=3) was also estimated to be 2.98 μM. Finally, this method was applied for the determination of cefixime in tablet samples.