Titrimetric and Spectrophotometric Methods for the Determination of β-blockers in Pharmaceutical Dosage Form

Document Type: Research Paper



Three new methods using titrimetric and spectrophotometry are described for the determination of Propranolol Hydrochloride (PPH) and Atenolol (AN) with potassium bromate as the oxidimetric reagent and acid dyes, Methyl orange and Indigo carmine. In direct titrimetric (method A), the drug is titrated directly with bromate in acid medium and in the presence of excess of bromide using methyl orange indicator.Both spectrophotometric methods are based on the oxidation of mentioned drugs by a known excess of bromate in acid medium and in the presence of excess of bromide followed by estimation of surplus oxidant by reacting with either Indigo carmine (method B) or Methyl orange (method C), and measuring the absorbance at 609 or 507 nm. Titrimetric methods are applicable over the ranges 1-18 mg for propranolol hydrochloride and 2-10 mg for atenolol. In spectrophotometric methods, the absorbance is found to increase linearly with increasing concentration of drugs, which is corroborated by calculated correlation coefficient (r) of 0.9933, 0.9977, 0.9928 (B) and 0.9951, 0.9976, 0.9984 (C). The systems obey Beer’s law for 2.5-15, 0.625-7.5μg mL-1 (B) and 0.25- 5, 0.25-2μg mL-1(C) for atenolol and propranolol hydrochloride. The proposed methods were applied successfully to the determination of mentioned drugs in tablets. The accuracy of the methods was ascertained by recovery studies.