Application of Hammett Constant for Prediction of Acidity Properties of Substituted Benzoic Acid

Document Type: Research Paper



Hammett constants (σ) can be important factor to understanding substitution and position effects on benzoic acid. This report describes a computational study of ∆G◦ and σ for six substituted benzoic acid (X= F,Cl ,OH ,NH2 ,CN,NO2 )and phenylacetic acid substituted (X=OH ,NH2 ) at para and meta positions ingas and aqueousphases by DFT method and comparesit to available experimental and theoretical results.