Performance Evaluation of SBS/sulfur Modified Bitumen and its Effect on Fuel Resistance

Document Type : Research Paper



The fuel resistance property plays an important role in asphalts, but available standards for determining this characteristic are presently lacking. In the present work, a number of polymer modified bitumen with styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS) polymer (4, 5, 6% SBS) and SBS/ sulfur modified bitumen with various percentages of sulfur (1.65, 3, 3.5% based on polymer content) were prepared. Each sample was immersed in the fuel and after 24 hour its weight loss was measured to determine the effect of fuel on them. Results showed that, increase in SBS content caused improvement in physical and rheological properties of bitumen. After adding sulfur to SBS, conventional properties (softening point, penetration, ductility and temperature susceptibility) was improved. Rheological properties were determined by Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR). Increase in polymer content and sulfur level led to increase in complex shear modulus (G*) and improvement of the rutting factor. Results indicated that more physical bonds with increase in polymer content and more chemically bonding between polymer, sulfur and bitumen by increasing in sulfur content led to more fuel resistance characteristic.